Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers

Volume 74, Pages 1-130 (April 2013)

Aikaterini Anastasopoulou, Chryssi Mytilineou, Christopher J. Smith, Konstantia N. Papadopoulou, Plastic debris ingested by deep-water fish of the Ionian Sea (Eastern Mediterranean), Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, Volume 74, April 2013, Pages 11-13, ISSN 0967-0637, 10.1016/j.dsr.2012.12.008.
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S096706371300006X)
Abstract: Debris has been recognized as a global environmental problem including within deep habitats. From 26 fish species (1504 specimens) caught in the Eastern Ionian Sea during deep-water long-line surveys, plastic debris was found in 24 individuals of Galeus melastomus (3.2%) and single individuals of Pteroplatytrygon violaceaSqualus blainvilleEtmopterus spinax, and Pagellus bogaraveo. The occurrence of debris among their food was infrequent. Ingested debris included primarily plastics (86.5%) and to a lesser extent pieces of metal and wood. Among ingested plastics, fragments of hard plastic material constituted the highest proportion (56.0%), followed by plastic bag fragments (22.0%), fragments of fishing gears (19.0%) and textile fibers (3.0%). Among the species with ingested debris, G. melastomus swallowed all debris categories; P. violacea and S. blainville ingested plastic bag fragments, whereas pieces of hard plastics were found in E. spinax and P. bogaraveo.
Keywords: Plastic debris ingestion; Litter; Deep-water fish; Elasmobranchs; Galeus melastomus; Eastern Mediterranean